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"Journey into the Whirlwind"
by Eugenia Semyonovna Ginzburg

"The Wind in the Willows"
by Kenneth Grahame

"Growing Up"
by Russell Baker

by Karin Muller

Tuesday, December 19, 2006

Open Wide

I had a sore tooth and I thought perhaps I had cavity or something so I called the dentist’s office and they, surprisingly enough said, “Can you come in at 10?” Of course I could!

Two hours later I walked out of the office the proud possessor of another root canal. I have always been fearful of losing my teeth and I was happy that the dentist said that I have good teeth and I probably will not lose them. Of course, the fact that I have 13 crowns helps.

At a luncheon I had once, I asked the women who were here what they would miss most if they lived 100 years ago. Here are some of the things that were invented in the last hundred years according to:

1900 • The zeppelin invented by Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin.
• Charles Seeberger redesigned Jesse Reno's escalator and invented the modern escalator.
1901 • King Camp Gillette invents the double-edged safety razor.
• The first radio receiver, successfully received a radio transmission.
• Hubert Booth invents a compact and modern vacuum cleaner.
1902 • Willis Carrier invents the air conditioner.
• French physicist George Claude invents neon light.
• The lie detector or polygraph machine is invented by James Mackenzie.
• The birth of the Teddy Bear.
• George Claude invented neon light.
1903 • Edward Binney and Harold Smith co-invent crayons.
• Bottle-making machinery invented by Michael J. Owens.
• The Wright brothers invent the first gas motored and manned airplane.
• Mary Anderson invents windshield wipers.
• William Coolidge invents ductile tungsten used in lightbulbs.
1904 • Teabags invented by Thomas Suillivan.
• Benjamin Holt invents a tractor.
• John A Fleming invents a vacuum diode or Fleming valve.
1905 • Albert Einstein published the Theory of Relativity and made famous the equation, E = mc2.
• Mary Anderson receives a patent for windshield wipers.
1906 • William Kellogg invents Cornflakes.
• Lewis Nixon invents the first sonar like device.
• Lee Deforest invents electronic amplifying tube (triode).
1907 • Leo Baekeland invents the first synthetic plastic called Bakelite.
• Color photography invented by Auguste and Louis Lumiere.
• The very first piloted helicopter was invented by Paul Cornu.
1908 • The gyrocompass invented by Elmer A. Sperry.
• Cellophane invented by Jacques E. Brandenberger.
• Model T first sold.
• J W Geiger and W Müller invent the geiger counter.
• Fritz Haber invents the Haber Process for making artificial nitrates.
1909 • Instant coffee invented by G. Washington.
1910 • Thomas Edison demonstrated the first talking motion picture.
• Georges Claude displayed the first neon lamp to the public on December 11, 1910, in Paris.
1911 • Charles Franklin Kettering invents the first automobile electrical ignition system.
1912 • Motorized movie cameras invented, replaced hand-cranked cameras.
• The first tank patented by Australian inventor De La Mole.
• Clarence Crane created Life Savers candy in 1912.
1913 • The crossword puzzle invented by Arthur Wynne.
• The Merck Chemical Company patented, what is now know as, ecstasy.
• Mary Phelps Jacob invents the bra.
• Gideon Sundback invented the modern zipper.
1914 • Garrett A. Morgan invents the Morgan gas mask.
1915 • Eugene Sullivan and William Taylor co-invented Pyrex in New York City.
1916 • Radios tuners invented, that received different stations.
• Stainless steel invented by Henry Brearly.
1917 • Gideon Sundback patented the modern zipper (not the first zipper).
1918 • The superheterodyne radio circuit invented by Edwin Howard Armstrong. Today, every radio or television set uses this invention.
• Charles Jung invented fortune cookies.
1919 • The pop-up toaster invented by Charles Strite.
• Short-wave radio invented.
• The flip-flop circuit invented.
• The arc welder invented.
1920 • The tommy gun patented by John T Thompson.
• The Band-Aid (pronounced 'ban-'dade) invented by Earle Dickson.
1921 • Artificial life begins -- the first robot built.
• John Larson invented the lie detector.
1922 • Insulin invented by Sir Frederick Grant Banting.
• The first 3-D movie (spectacles with one red and one green lens) is released.
1923 • Garrett A. Morgan invents a traffic signal.
• The television or iconoscope (cathode-ray tube) invented by Vladimir Kosma Zworykin.
• John Harwood invented the self-windingwatch in 1923.
• Clarence Birdseye invents frozen food.
1924 • The dynamic loudspeaker invented by Rice and Kellogg.
• Notebooks with spiral bindings invented.
1925 • The mechanical television a precursor to the modern television, invented by John Logie Baird.
1926 • Robert H. Goddard invents liquid-fueled rockets.
1927 • Eduard Haas III invents PEZ candy.
• JWA Morrison invents the first quartz crystal watch.
• Philo Taylor Farnsworth invents a complete electronic TV system.
• Technicolor invented.
• Erik Rotheim patents an aerosol can.
• Warren Marrison developed the first quartz clock.
• Philip Drinker invents the iron lung.
1928 • Scottish biologist Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin.
• Bubble gum invented by Walter E. Diemer.
• Jacob Schick patented the electric shaver.
1929 • American, Paul Galvin invents the car radio.
• Yo-Yo re-invented as an American fad.
1930 • Scotch tape patented by 3M engineer, Richard G. Drew.
• The frozen food process patented by Clarence Birdseye.
• Wallace Carothers and DuPont Labs invents neoprene.
• The "differential analyzer", or analog computer invented by Vannevar Bush at MIT in Boston.
• Frank Whittle and Dr Hans von Ohain both invent a jet engine.
1931 • Harold Edgerton invented stop-action photography.
• Germans Max Knott and Ernst Ruska co-invent the electron microscope.
1932 • Polaroid photography invented by Edwin Herbert Land.
• The zoom lens and the light meter invented.
• Carl C. Magee invents the first parking meter.
• Karl Jansky invents the radio telescope.
1933 • Frequency modulation (FM radio) invented by Edwin Howard Armstrong.
• Stereo records invented.
• Richard M. Hollingshead builds a prototype drive-in movie theater in his driveway.
1934 • Englishmen, Percy Shaw invents cat eyes or roads reflectors.
• Charles Darrow claims he invented the game Monopoly.
• Joseph Begun invents the first tape recorder for broadcasting - first magnetic recording.
1935 • Wallace Carothers and DuPont Labs invents nylon ( polymer 6.6.)
• The first canned beer made.
• Robert Watson-Watt patented radar.
1936 • Bell Labs invents the voice recognition machine.
• Samuel Colt patents the Colt revolver.
1937 • Chester F. Carlson invents the photocopier.
• The first jet engine is built.
1938 • The ballpoint pen invented by Ladislo Biro.
• Strobe lighting invented.
• Roy J. Plunkett invented tetrafluoroethylene polymers or Teflon.
• Nescafe or freeze-dried coffee invented.
• The first working turboprop engine.
1939 • Igor Sikorsky invents the first successful helicopter.
• The electron microscope invented.
1940 • Dr William Reich invents the orgone accumulator.
• Peter Goldmark invents modern color television system.
• Karl Pabst invents the jeep.
1941 • Konrad Zuse's Z3, the first computer controlled by software.
• Aerosol spray cans invented by American inventors, Lyle David Goodloe and W.N. Sullivan.
• Enrico Fermi invents the neutronic reactor.
1942 • John Atanasoff and Clifford Berry built the first electronic digital computer.
• Max Mueller designs a turboprop engine.
1943 • Synthetic rubber invented.
• Richard James invents the slinky.
• James Wright invent silly putty.
• Swiss chemist, Albert Hofmann discovered the hallucinogenic properties of LSD.
• Emile Gagnan and Jacques Cousteau invent the aqualung.
1944 • The kidney dialysis machine invented by Willem Kolff.
• Synthetic cortisone invented by Percy Lavon Julian.
1945 • Vannevar Bush proposes hypertext.
• The atomic bomb invented.
1946 • The microwave oven invented by Percy Spencer.
1947 • British/Hungarian scientist, Dennis Gabor, developed the theory of holography.
• Mobile phones first invented. Although cell phones were not sold commercially until 1983, AT&T came up with the idea way back.
• Bardeen, Brattain, and Shockley invent the transistor. • Earl Silas Tupper patented the Tupperware seal.
1948 • The Frisbee® invented by Walter Frederick Morrison and Warren Franscioni.
• Velcro ® invented by George de Mestral.
• Robert Hope-Jones invented the Wurlitzer jukebox.
1949 • Cake mix invented.
1950 • The first credit card (Diners) invented by Ralph Schneider.
1951 • Super glue invented.
• Power steering invented by Francis W. Davis.
• Charles Ginsburg invented the first videotape recorder (VTR).
1952 • Mr. Potato Head patented.
• The first patent for bar code (US Patent #2,612,994) issued to inventors Joseph Woodland and Bernard Silver.
• The first diet soft drink sold.
• Edward Teller and team build the hydrogen bomb.
1953 • Radial tires invented.
• The first musical synthesizer invented by RCA.
• David Warren invented the black box - flight recorder.
• Transistor radio invented by Texas Instruments.
1954 • Oral contraceptives invented.
• The first nonstick pan produced.
• The solar cell invented by Chaplin, Fuller and Pearson.
• Ray Kroc started McDonalds.
1955 • Tetracycline invented.
• Optic fiber invented.
1956 • The first computer hard disk used.
• The hovercraft invented by Christopher Cockerell.
• Bette Nesmith Graham invented "Mistake Out," later renamed Liquid Paper, to paint over mistakes made with a typewriter.
1957 • Fortran (computer language) invented.
1958 • The modem invented.
• Gordon Gould invents the laser.
• The Hula Hoop invented by Richard Knerr and Arthur "Spud" Melin.
• The integrated circuit invented by Jack Kilby and Robert Noyce.
1959 • The internal pacemaker invented by Wilson Greatbatch.
• Barbie Doll invented.
• Jack Kilby and Robert Noyce both invent the microchip.
1960 • The halogen lamp invented.
1961 • Valium invented.
• The nondairy creamer invented.
1962 • The audio cassette invented.
• The fiber-tip pen invented by Yukio Horie.
• Spacewar, the first computer video game invented.
• Dow Corp invents silicone breast implants.
1963 • The first videodisc invented.
1964 • Acrylic paint invented.
• Permanent-press fabric invented.
• BASIC (an early computer language) is invented by John George Kemeny and Tom Kurtz.
1965 • Astroturf invented.
• Soft contact lenses invented.
• NutraSweet invented.
• The compact disk invented by James Russell.
• Kevlar invented by Stephanie Louise Kwolek.
1966 • Electronic Fuel injection for cars invented.
1967 • The first handheld calculator invented.
1968 • The computer mouse invented by Douglas Engelbart.
• The first computer with integrated circuits made.
• Robert Dennard invented RAM (random access memory).
1969 • The arpanet (first internet) invented.
• The artificial heart invented.
• The ATM invented.
• The bar-code scanner is invented.
1970 • The daisy-wheel printer invented.
• The floppy disk invented by Alan Shugart.
1971 • The dot-matrix printer invented.
• The food processor invented.
• The liquid-crystal display (LCD) invented by James Fergason.
• The microprocessor invented by Faggin, Hoff and Mazor.
• VCR or videocassette recorder invented.
1972 • The word processor invented.
• Pong (first video game) invented by Nolan Bushnell.
• Hacky Sack® invented by John Stalberger and Mike Marshall.
1973 • Gene splicing invented.
• The ethernet (local computer network) invented by Robert Metcalfe and Xerox.
• Bic invents the disposable lighter.
1974 • The post-it note invented by Arthur Fry.
• Giorgio Fischer, a gynecologist from Rome, Italy, invents liposuction.
1975 • The laser printer invented.
• The push-through tab on a drink can invented.
1976 • The ink-jet printer invented.
1977 • Magnetic resonance imaging invented by Raymond V. Damadian.
1978 • Dan Bricklin and Bob Frankston invented the VisiCalc spreadsheet.
• The artificial heart Jarvik-7 invented by Robert K. Jarvik.
1979 • Cellular phones invented.
• Cray supercomputer invented by Seymour Cray.
• Walkman invented.
• Scott Olson invents roller blades.
1980 • The hepatitis-B vaccine invented.
1981 • MS-DOS invented.
• The first IBM-PC invented.
• The scanning tunneling microscope invented by Gerd Karl Binnig and Heinrich Rohrer.
1982 • Human growth hormone genetically engineered.
1983 • The Apple Lisa invented.
• Soft bifocal contact lens invented.
• First Cabbage Patch Kids sold.
• Programmer Jaron Lanier first coins the term "virtual reality".
1984 • The CD-ROM invented.
• The Apple Macintosh invented.
1985 • Windows program invented by Microsoft.
1986 • A high-temperature super-conductor invented by J. Georg Bednorz and Karl A. Muller.
• Synthetic skin invented by G. Gregory Gallico, III.
• Fuji introduced the disposable camera.
1987 • The first 3-D video game invented.
• Disposable contact lenses invented.
1988 • Digital cellular phones invented.
• The RU-486 (abortion pill) invented.
• Doppler radar invented by Christian Andreas Doppler.
• Prozac® invented at the Eli Lilly Company by inventor Ray Fuller.
• The first patent for a genetically engineered animal is issued to Harvard University researchers Philip Leder and Timothy Stewart.
• Ralph Alessio and Fredrik Olsen received a patent for the Indiglo ® nightlight. The bluish green light is used to illuminate the entire face of a watch.
1989 • High-definition television invented.
1990 • The World Wide Web/Internet protocol (HTTP) and WWW language (HTML) created by Tim Berners-Lee.
1991 • The digital answering machine invented.
1992 • The smart pill invented.
1993 • The pentium processor invented.
1994 • HIV protease inhibitor invented.
1995 • The Java computer language invented.
• DVD (Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc) invented.
1996 • Web TV invented.
1997 • The gas-powered fuel cell invented.
1998 • Viagra® invented.
1999 • Scientists measure the fastest wind speed ever recorded on earth, 509 km/h(318 mph).
• Tekno Bubbles patented.

I’d miss my dentist.

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